Should I include dead animals in the number of “sold” animals in the herd section?

Michaela

No, dead animals should not be included under sold animals, as otherwise the GHG footprint would be underestimated. Dead animals did consume feed and emit GHG emissions during their live, but are not producing meat, because dead animals are not used for consumption but incinerated. If they would be included under sold animals, more of the emissions would be allocated … Read More

When do I use the different animal phases in the “other lifestock” module?

Michaela

In the case of chicken or eggs, juvenile is the pullet phase, adult productive is laying hens and adult non-productive is during molting. For sows, the categories might not make as much sense since the whole “productive” process is just the maturing and gaining weight. The reason to separate might be if the feed ration is different for one age … Read More

Is deforestation taken into account for feed items in the livestock module?

Michaela

Yes. According to the Feedprint database the tool uses, a default emission factor for land use change is taken into consideration for each feed item in the tool. However, there may be significant differences between the global averages and country-specific production. The global emission factor for soybean e.g. is roughly 4 kgCO2/kg mostly driven by land-use change. But soybean produced … Read More

In the other livestock module, I am asked to indicate daily DMI. Why is that?

Michaela

The other livestock feed section is based on feed approach 2 (averages for the whole herd per animal phase). This governs manure quantity estimates and methane emissions. Therefore, you should indicate an estimate of the total DMI of all feed items per day. You can use breed based defaults or enter your own estimate.

According to the GHG Protocol, which approach (scope 1,2 or 3) does the Cool Farm Tool take?

Michaela

The Cool Farm Tool is a GHG calculator at farm level – this means related emissions coming from agricultural production of a specific product (crop or livestock). The GHG Protocol defines three different scopes: Scope 1: Direct emissions at your farm (e.g. combustion of diesel, N2O emissions from your field, CH4 emissions from your cattle) Scope 2: Indirect emissions from … Read More

How to reflect crop rotation in the Cool Farm Tool?

Michaela

When making an assessment in the tool, it is an annual footprint of a crop, but also of a specific growing area. When you grow different crops in a rotation, the different crops that follow each other need to be assessed individually and separately. You should indicate all related practices, soil characteristics etc. for a specific crop as well as … Read More

When aggregating dairy and crop assessments from the “aggregation” tab, would I not be double-counting emissions if I used my own crop assessments as feed item?

Michaela

If you aggregate all emission results from dairy and crop assessments, and you used the crop assessments as items in your livestock assessments, you would do some double counting. Which feed approach do you use? (Approach 1 defines dry matter intake for each animal category, Approach 2 provides % fresh matter intake for the entire heard.) The best would be … Read More

How do I register a newly created orchard in a crop assessment?

Michaela

You can account for this in the “carbon” tab of a crop assessment. If you converted a field that was previously under crop production to an orchard, select a land use change from arable -> grassland. Then indicate the planted trees and their growth under the section 6.1 out of crop biomass changes. If you change a grassland to an … Read More